The Effects of PO43- Removal from Aqueous Solution with Varied Concentrations of Metal Oxides in Steel Slag Filter System

To cite this article: Hamdan, R., Mohd Arshad, N. A. N. & Ahmad, S. Z. N. (2018). The effects of PO43- removal from aqueous solution with varied concentrations of metal oxides in steel slag filter system. J. Phys. Sci., 29(Supp. 3), 71–80,


High amount of orthophosphate will accelerate the growth of autotrophs and eutrophication will occur. This phenomenon decreases the water quality and as a result may increase the cost of water treatment for drinking water. The overabundance of orthophosphate occurs when untreated or inadequately-treated wastewater from domestic and industrial activities is released into water bodies. Conventional treatment has been developed to treat wastewater. However, it is not effective for phosphorus removal, hence, high-cost advanced treatment is needed to remove phosphorus. Thus, alternative low-cost treatments for phosphorus removal are needed. Therefore, this study was conducted to understand and investigate the mechanisms of phosphorus removal using two different setups of steel slag filter, Set 1 for high Fe and Set 2 for high Ca. The study was operated at different pH values of 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11 under aerated and unaerated conditions. The samples of steel slag from 12 filters that has been run for three months for each set were semi-quantitatively analysed using scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX) to identify the adsorption of phosphate ion on the surface of the steel slag. The results of SEM-EDX studies showed that adsorption mechanism of phosphate removal takes place on the surface of the steel slag. The precipitates in the steel slag filters were collected and analysed for X-ray diffraction (XRD) for chemical compound identification and the precipitates were confirmed to be Fe3O4, a precursor of iron phosphate related compound.


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